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Tools and Techniques You are here: Home - Tools and Techniques

How do we remove your unwanted wildlife?

Exclusion

The most useful tool any wildlife manager has is a strong knowledge base. (But beyond that, we feel that “tools are cool”.)

If it is possible to exclude an unwanted animal from your property that is usually the way to go.    Exclusion simply means closing up any possible entrances that will allow entrance to the building.  Good exclusion means that the problem is solved permanently.    Exclusion can be as simple as keeping a door to a crawl space closed or replacing the screen on a vent.

Excluding animals from buildings can be hard.  What do you use to keep these guys out?  Often they have already chewed through plastic or wood.   We have several options; but one of our favorite is the foam gun.  A foam gun sounds like a fun toy for the kids; but this is a serious tool that we use to inject wildlife stopping foam deep into the crevices that    unwelcome wildlife is using to enter your home.   We have a several foam options that aren\’t available to the general public.   One of our favorite is our Hot Pepper Foam.  This foam has the same ingredient that makes hot peppers hot.  This helps keep chewing pest from reentering the same entry points.  We can also use a flexible copper mesh tube that stops gnawing rodents from chewing through mesh.

Animal Detection and Identification

To remove an animal, the first thing that you have to do is know what you are dealing with.  Sometimes that is simple and sometimes it isn’t.  Many species are very conspicuous.   Pigeons, for instance, are very easy to identify and are active in the daytime.  This makes detection and identification easy.

Others, like skunks are harder to detect.   They are active at night and their odor may be the only thing to  tip you off to their presence.   So, who wants to stick their head into a suspicious looking hole where a skunk may be hanging out?   Other species may go into such small areas that it is impossible to see if the critters are “at home” or not.  In this situation we sometimes use what we like to call our wildlife “peepascope”.   This piece of equipment has a three foot long cable that can be inserted into areas that are otherwise inaccessible that gives us video and picture images that we can show to our customers.

Wildlife Removal

Sometimes exclusion just isn’t feasibleAt that point, we have to use some sort of trap.   In most situations, we prefer to use a box trap.  Box traps do not endanger children or pets like other types of trap and they leave open the option of relocation when that is feasible.  Traps range in size and style depending on the target species.   One of our favorite styles of trap is designed with two doors and can be attached to building entry points.  This forces the problem animal through the trap and makes capture almost certain.

Pole Camera Inspections

Many wildlife species prefer to enter buildings at high points. This makes much wildlife control work very risky. To help cope with this altitude problem, we have developed a “pole camera”. This device can be mounted on a long sectional pole which can be raised into position giving the operator a view in areas where he may only have been able to inspect with a bucket truck or ladder in the past.   Now easy, safe, and quick inspections can be made into areas where dangerous ladder ascents used to be the only answer.

Our pole camera can also be mounted on helmets so that customers can see what the inspector sees as he checks remote parts of the house. Pictures or video can be saved for viewing by customers later or can even be emailed to customers if they are away from home at the time. Some customers might even want to post their videos to Facebook or other social media.

The camera has several very cool features. Images can be shot in video, still photo, or time lapse.   Time lapse can be used to create footage of work as it progresses so that clients can watch their work as it happens.

Flying Squirrels - a Challenging Species

Flying squirrel calls are not nearly as common as calls for the more commonly known Gray Squirrel.   However, Flying squirrels may be more numerous than their diurnal counterparts. But, flying squirrels are nocturnal, so customers are much less likely to notice them around the home as they are Grey Squirrels. Often we detect their presence as we work through a call for Gray Squirrels. Both inhabit similar habitat. Each species requires forested habitat with hard mast (nut) producing trees.   Flying squirrels differ from Gray Squirrels in their ability to utilize a smaller cavity for nesting and their use of insects as a food source.

Both Gray Squirrels and Flying Squirrels present a special challenge. Both these species are adept a gnawing their way into homes.   Plastic, wood, and even lightweight aluminum construction make homes vunerable.   Masonry and steel cannot be gnawed through by rodents.

When flying squirrels invade a home they are much more challenging to handle. Flying squirrels are much smaller than gray squirrels. Flying squirrels can easily fit through an entrance that is 1.25” in diameter.   This is slightly less than half the diameter needed by a Gray Squirrel. All entrance holes into a home must be sealed to keep animals out. If even one is missed, squirrels will switch travel patterns and use the remaining hole.

Additionaly, flying squirrels are able to access entrances to a home that Gray Squirrels cannot. Vinyl siding can create traction issues for squirrels. Vinyl simply doesn’t have a texture that allows a good foothold. This eliminates access for Gray Squirrel but it might still allow flying squirrels to entry through a gliding approach.

Detection of flying squirrels presence is the most difficult part of working with this species. Their small size and nocturnal habits make detection very difficult. Without specialized techniques and equipment we would only be able to rely on the customers ear to determine project success. This does not provide sufficient level of sensitivity.   Flying Squirrels are not an extremely noisy species. At most, customers with long standing flying squirrel problems say that they hear a scratching noise in their walls. To facilitate this, we often use motion sensitive cameras and an especially sensitive tracking powder. This gives us a much better idea if a home is still host to rodent invaders

Warning

Wildlife Species carry diseases that can be transmitted to humans.  Fatal or debilitating diseases can be carried by almost any species.   If you have made contact with a wildlife species, its feces, any bodily fluid, or think for any reason that you could have contracted a wildlife transmitted disease, please contact your doctor.   Bites or contact with saliva from species that carry rabies should be reported to your local health department immediately.  This includes, but is not limited to skunks, raccoons, foxes, opossums, bats, etc.   Anyone who finds a bat that has been in a room with a sleeping person should also contact their local health department to have the bat tested.  Wildlife Company personnel are not experts on wildlife diseases.  All questions regarding these matters should be directed to your physician or your local health department.